Carson Cook
Common name:Santa Catalina Island Fox
Scientific name:Urocyon Littoralis Catalinae
Nickname:Island Fox
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What it looks like:Fur is greyish-white and black with cinnamon underfur on the top of the fox, and with pale white, yellow, and rusty-brown on top. The chin, lips, nose, and areas around the eyes are lined in black while the sides are grey. The ears, neck, and sides of the legs are cinnamon-colored. The tail has a thin black stripe on the top with a mane of stiff hairs. The underside of the tail is a rusty color.
What it eats:Fruits, insects, birds, lizards, egg, crab, and other small mammals.
Breeding:Live birth, normally in a den. They typically have one to five kits.

Countries/continents where they are located:They can be found in North America. More specifically in Santa Catalina, California.
Historic range v. current range:They went from 2,000 adult foxes in 1994 to 28 in 2011.
Where they live:They prefer to live in highly wooded areas with a lot of fruiting shrubs. They can live in the temperate forest, chaparral, or temperate grassland.
Are they migratory? No
Do they nest above or below the ground?Island Foxes make their dens in a sheltered location, sometimes underground, in a tree stump or in the dense undergrowth.
Do they hibernate?Island Foxes do not hibernate.
Predators:The Island fox's predators are man, common ravens, hawks, and golden eagles.
Interspecies relationship?Bald Eagles prevent Golden Eagles from settling Eagles would prevent Golden Eagles from settling which benefits the Island Fox because Bald Eagles prey on fish and not on mammals.

Why has the species become endangered?The main reason why the Santa Catalina Island Fox is endangered is because of golden eagle predation. Another reason is the growing number of livestock that brought diseases and parasites.

What steps have been taken to protect the species?The National Park Service has been initiating captive fox breeding programs since 1993. They also created a conservation team dedicated to the Island Fox. They established a fox fund to raise money to put into saving the species as well as raising awareness. The main goal is to remove the Golden Eagle from the northern islands to the mainland.

"U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service:Species Profile"
"Friends of the Island Fox"
"Friends of the Island Fox"
"Endangered Species Report: San Miguel Island Fox (Urocyon littoralis)" By: Kimberly Lopez
"Los Angeles Times",r:10,s:0