Northern Carolina Flying Squirrel
Glaucomys Sabrinus Coloratus
Northern Flying Squirrel

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Class: Mammal

The Northern Flying Squirrel is a small nocturnal gliding animal that weighs about 3-5pounds and measures 10-12 inches nose to tail. It possesses a long, broad, flattened tail that makes up about 80% of it's head and body length along with folds of skin connected from the wrist to the ankle to form an aerodynamic surface used for gliding. Adults are usually slate gray with unique patterns of reddish brown streaking down their backs. Juveniles are identified by a much darker gray coat. The Northern Flying Squirrel can be distinguished from the Southern Flying Squirrel by the significantly larger size and the relatively longer upper teeth row.

Breeding: Flying Squirrels breed once per year, live young usually in litters of 2-3.

Diet: A Flying Squirrel's diet consists mainly but not limited to mushroom fungi, lichens, all mast-crop nuts, tree sap, insects, carrion, bird eggs and nestlings, buds and flowers.

Location: The Northern Carolina Flying Squirrel is found exclusively in the southern Appalachian Mountain range, in areas of Tennessee, North Carolina, and Virginia.
It is widely accepted that the Flying Squirrel dominated the southeastern United States when virgin forests were prevalent before the Industrial Revolution. Populations have dropped dramatically since then due to loss of habitat, although there is still a decent number of wild populations for the species to survive.

Habits and Predation: During the colder months, the squirrels migrate to a mainly coniferous forest whereas they nest and breed in deciduous forests for the warmer months. They always live above ground and do not hibernate. The Northern Carolina Flying Squirrel is a primary source of food for the Spotted Owl, and is the second-highest cause for population depletion behind habitat destruction.

Species Preservation Efforts: No means of species preservation has been initiated so far, the Flying Squirrel has only just been put on the endangered species list and is referenced as a
"least concern."