Rebecca Kemmeries
Asian Elephant
Elephas Maximus
Indian Elephant


The Asian Elephant is a large mammal. It is a huge thick-skinned herbivore with fan-shaped ears and a long trunk.
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The Asian Elephant consumes plants including grasses, fruits, vegetables, leaves, and bark which it gathers with its large trunk. It can consume up to 300 pounds of food a day. The Asian Elephant is a mammal so it has live births with a pregnancy lasting about 22 months. Typically asian elephants give birth to one calf every two to four years. Asian elephants are located in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, China, Malaysia, and Indonesia. These elephants generally live in Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests and Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests. Asian elephants are extremely sociable, forming groups of 6 to 7 related females that are led by the oldest female, the 'matriarch'. Like African elephants, these groups occasionally join others to form herds, although these associations are relatively transient. Elephants generally stay in the same area and build there 'nests' on the ground to sleep in.
The main predator of the Asian Elephant is humans who hunt them for their tunks. Tigers are known to prey upon the calves but not enough to damage the population. The population is estimated to have fallen by at least 50% over the last 60-75 years. The Asian Elephant Conservation Act of 1997 has been created to provide a special fund is authorized to assist the conservation and protection of Asian elephants by supporting the conservation programs of Asian elephant range states. As for the safe enivornment that they live in, elephants thrive mostly in large remote reserves as well as in and among human habitation. There are no breeding programs to help increase their population. WWF and the Wildlife Warriors Worldwide are just a few of the many organizations that try to improve the environment of the Asian Elephant and help continue the breed.


Resources
http://www.fws.gov/laws/lawsdigest/ASELEPHNT.htm
http://nationalzoo.si.edu/Animals/AsianElephants/factasianelephant.cfm
http://www.wildlifewarriors.org.au/asian_conservation/elephant_conservation.html
http://www.thewildones.org/Animals/elephant.html
http://wwf.panda.org/who_we_are/wwf_offices/bhutan/projects/index.cfm?uProjectID=BT0884